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europeanspaceagency

Fragile beauty ๐ŸŒ โ €โ €โ € Our astronaut Luca Parmitano captured this image of the Maldives from the @iss and said: "Atolls like this, in the Maldives, might soon disappear, unless we take action to reduce CO2 emissions, and stop, if not reverse, global warming." โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @NASA

europeanspaceagency

It's time for the #ESAquiz! ๐ŸŒ‘โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Do you know in what body of the Solar System you can find these rampart and rim features around a lake?โ €โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Write your answers in the comment section ๐Ÿ‘‡ and stay tuned to our @instagram Story for the answer and a shout out!โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @NASA / @nasajpl - @caltechedu / @agenziaspazialeitaliana ; @europeanspaceagency / A. Solomonidou et al. (2019)

europeanspaceagency

How many of you are vacationing in Japan? ๐Ÿ—พ โ €โ €โ € This false-colour Copernicus Sentinel-3A satellite image shows part of Japan. Sitting on a volcanic zone in the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan is prone to earthquakes and is home to 110 active volcanoes. The water surrounding the islands appears blue on the left side of the image, but dark grey on the right. This is an effect of the Sun glinting off the water. Taking a closer look at the waters along the coast, the light blue areas show the outflow of rivers, carrying sediments into the ocean. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ contains modified @copernicus_eu Sentinel data (2016), processed by @europeanspaceagency, @creativecommons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

This is not the eye of Sauron... ๐Ÿ‘โ€๐Ÿ—จ โ €โ €โ € But an artistic look at a coronal mass ejection launched towards Earth. The image is based on data collected by the ESA/NASA SOHO space telescope and comprises an extreme-ultraviolet image of the Sunโ€™s disc (not to scale) superimposed on an image of the stormy solar environment. The scene has been processed using the running difference technique. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @NASA / S. Hill โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

Space came down to Earth! ๐Ÿ‘ฝ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€๐Ÿ‘พ โ €โ €โ € @ilaneshkeri's @SpaceStationEarth premiered two days ago at the @kulturfestivalsthlm in Sweden. The show was a success and our astronaut Luca Parmitano joined @astro_timpeake from the @iss and answer some questions from the audience like "how do you wash your hair in space?" ๐Ÿ’†โ€โ™‚๏ธ โ €โ €โ € Swipe to the end to hear the answer! โ €โ €โ € Thanks everyone from coming and enjoying the show! โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ@astro_timpeake ๐Ÿ“น@europeanspaceagency

europeanspaceagency

Adha Mubarakโ€ผ๏ธ ๐ŸŒ™ โ €โ €โ € With this image of the Moon reflected off the low waters south of the city of Mecca โ€“ visible on the right side โ€“ taken by Luca Parmitano from the @iss during his previous mission, we wish everyone celebrating a happy Eid al-Adha! โ €โ €โ € Share your Eid traditions in the comment section ๐Ÿ‘‡ โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @NASA โ€“ L.Parmitano โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

Hubble Time! ๐ŸŒŒโ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € This galactic duo is known as UGC 2369. The galaxies are interacting, meaning that their mutual gravitational attraction is pulling them closer and closer together and distorting their shapes in the process. A tenuous bridge of gas, dust, and stars can be seen connecting the two galaxies,, during which they pulled material out into space across the diminishing divide between them. โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more about this image.โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency/@hubbleesa & @NASA, A. Evans; @creativecommons CC BY 4.0

europeanspaceagency

Dark meeting light on Mars ๐Ÿ”ด โ €โ €โ € Our Mars Express has captured the cosmic contrast of Terra Cimmeria, a region in the southern highlands of Mars marked by impact craters, water-carved valleys, and sand and dust in numerous chocolate and caramel hues. โ €โ €โ € Mars is often referred to as the Red Planet, due to the characteristic hue of its orb in the sky. Up close, however, the planet is actually covered in all manner of colours โ€“ from bright whites and dark blacks to yellows, reds, greens, and the cappuccino tones seen here. โ €โ €โ € These differences in colour are visible from telescopes on Earth. They are undeniably visually striking, but also reveal a significant amount about the composition and properties of the surface material itself. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

Have you ever experienced non-stop nighttime for one month and a half? ๐Ÿฅถ For the crew at the Concordia Base, 21 June marked an important turning point. They are now over halfway through the winter and well over halfway through they stay at Concordia. The day is also marked all over the ice continent. Traditionally, the bases send greetings and dinner invitations to each other. Midwinter comes with five days off, filled with activities like the traditional crowning of Miss Concordia (where the candidates are all men who are astonishingly proud of suddenly having a handbag under their arm) and a Las Vegas evening where all sorts of bets, scams and begging are allowed. Go to our @instagram Story to learn more about life in Concordia. ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / IPEV / PNRA

europeanspaceagency

There's something about deserts from space ๐Ÿ™ƒ โ €โ €โ € Our astronaut Luca Parmitano took this image from the @iss and said: "Two deserts, face to face: one rich in colour, the other completely void of it. And us, in between." โ €โ €โ € What's your favourite colour? Tell us in the comment section ๐Ÿ‘‡ โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @nasa - L.Parmitano โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

It's time for the #ESAquiz! ๐Ÿ”ฌโ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Do you know the name of this animal that's been lately on the news?โ €โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Write your answers in the comment section ๐Ÿ‘‡ and stay tuned to our @instagram Story for the answer and a shout out!โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ Willow Gabriel and Bob Goldstein

europeanspaceagency

Up for an aquatic adventure with @esa_earth? โ›ต๏ธ โ €โ €โ € With a surface area of around 600 sq km and a length of around 78 km, Lake Balaton in western Hungary, is the largest freshwater lake in central Europe. โ €โ €โ € Originally five separate water bodies, the barriers between have been eroded away to create the lake it is today. Remnants of the dividing ridges can be seen in Balatonโ€™s shape โ€“ with the Tihany Peninsula on the northern shore narrowing the width of the lake to approximately 1.5 km. โ €โ €โ € It's striking emerald-green colour in this image is most likely due to its shallow waters and chemical composition. It is heavy in carbonates and sulphates, and there are also around 2000 species of algae that grow in its waters. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ contains modified @copernicus_eu Sentinel data (2019), processed by @europeanspaceagency, @creativecommons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

What is going on here? ๐Ÿค” โ €โ €โ € Among the most striking features in the image of Jupiter, are the rich colours of the clouds moving toward the Great Red Spot. This huge anticyclonic storm is roughly the diameter of Earth and is rolling counterclockwise between two bands of clouds that are moving in opposite directions toward it. โ €โ €โ € As with previous images of Jupiter taken by @hubbleesa, and other observations from telescopes on the ground, the new image confirms that the huge storm which has raged on Jupiterโ€™s surface for at least 150 years continues to shrink. The reason for this is still unknown so Hubble will continue to observe Jupiter in the hope that scientists will be able to solve this stormy riddle. Much smaller storms appear on Jupiter as white or brown ovals that can last as little as a few hours or stretch on for centuries. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @NASA, @europeanspaceagency, A. Simon ( @nasagoddard), and M.H. Wong ( @ucberkeleyofficial); @creativecommons CC BY 4.0 โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

Two weeks of science in space โ €โ €โ € Over two weeks have flown by since our astronaut Luca Parmitano was launched to the @iss for his second six-month stay in orbit. His arrival, alongside @NASA astronaut @astrodrewmorgan and @roscosmosofficial Soyuz commander Alexander Skvortsov, boosted the Stationโ€™s population to six and the crew has been busy ever since โ€“ performing a wide range of science in space. โ €โ €โ € With the start of Lucaโ€™s Beyond mission on 21 July, and the capture of @SpaceXโ€™s Dragon 18 cargo vehicle on 27 July, came a host of new European experiments. We begin with a couple you may recognise from @astro_alex_esaโ€™s Horizons mission as Luca re-adapts to his orbital workplace. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more about these experiments. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @nasa โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

๐ŸŽถ Summertime and the @iss livinโ€™ is easy... ๐ŸŽถ โ €โ €โ € Like most people this season, the International Space Station is chasing some Sun. Amateur astrophotographer Javier Manteca captured this transit of the Sun on 2 August, at 17:10 CEST from Fuenlabrada in Spain. โ €โ €โ € The International Space Station regularly transits the Sun but often along a very narrow ground path, which makes it hard to record. Once you lock down the best viewing location on Earth, timing is a critical factor: transits of the Sun last only half a second. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more about this image and life on the Station. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @jmanteconan โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

There are more colours here than your eyes can see ๐ŸŒž โ €โ €โ € This image shows a snippet of the Sun up close, revealing a golden surface marked by a number of dark, blotchy sunspots, curving filaments, and lighter patches known as โ€˜plagesโ€™ โ€“ brighter regions often found near sunspots. The width of the image would cover roughly a third of the diameter of the solar disc. โ €โ €โ € The part of the Sun shown here is known as the chromosphere (literally โ€˜sphere of colourโ€™), one of the three main layers comprising our star. This layer sits just above the photosphere, the visible surface of the Sun with which we are most familiar. When viewed using a H-alpha telescope, as seen here, the chromosphere can reveal myriad intriguing features decorating the whole solar disc. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / ESAC / CESAR โ€“ A. de Burgos โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

Hubble Time! ๐ŸŒŒโ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € It turns out that we see this spiral galaxy, named NGC 3432, orientated directly edge-on to us from our vantage point here on Earth. The galaxyโ€™s spiral arms and bright core are hidden, and we instead see the thin strip of its very outer reaches. Dark bands of cosmic dust, patches of varying brightness, and pink regions of star formation help with making out the true shape of NGC 3432 โ€” but itโ€™s still somewhat of a challenge! Because observatories such as the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have seen spiral galaxies at every kind of orientation, astronomers can tell when we happen to have caught one from the side. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more about this image.โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency/@hubbleesa & @NASA, A. Filippenko, R. Jansen; @creativecommons CC BY 4.0

EuropeanSpaceAgency

With more eyes in the sky we'll be better prepared ๐Ÿ”ญ โ €โ €โ € On 25 July, an asteroid the size of a football field flew by Earth, coming within 65 000 km of our planetโ€™s surface during its closest approach โ€“ about one fifth of the distance to the Moon. โ €โ €โ € The 100 m-wide asteroid dubbed '2019 OK' was detected just days before it passed Earth, although archival records from sky surveys show it had previously been observed but wasn't recognised as a near-Earth asteroid. โ €โ €โ € While 2019 OK illustrates the need for even more eyes on the sky, it also provides an opportunity to improve the asteroid recognising abilities of current and future telescopes, including our upcoming 'Flyeye'. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ SONEAR Observatory

EuropeanSpaceAgency

Day or night, Luca Parmitano loves Sicilia! ๐Ÿ˜ โ €โ €โ € Have you every come to this Mediterranean island famous for the Etna, its Baroque architecture and pastries? ๐Ÿ˜‹ โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @nasa - L.Parmitano โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

It's time for the #ESAquiz! ๐Ÿ”ฒโ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Do you know what's shown in this image?โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Write your answers in the comment section ๐Ÿ‘‡ and stay tuned to our @instagram Story for the answer and a shout out!โ €โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagencyโ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

To oil or not to oil. That's the question. ๐ŸŒด โ €โ €โ € The Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission takes us over palm oil plantations in East Kalimantan - the Indonesian part of the island Borneo. โ €โ €โ € Palm oil is the most widely-produced tropical edible oil. Itโ€™s used in a vast array of products โ€“ from ice cream and chocolates, to cosmetics such as make up and soap, to biofuel. Not only is it versatile, palm oil is also a uniquely productive crop. Harvested all year-round, oil palm trees produce up to nine times more oil per unit area than other major oil crops. โ €โ €โ € To meet global demand, palm oil trees are grown on vast industrial plantations โ€“ leading to acres of rainforest being cut down. Between 1980 and 2014, global palm oil production increased from 4.5 million tonnes to 70 million tonnes, and is expected to increase. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ contains modified @copernicus_eu Sentinel data (2019), processed by @europeanspaceagency , @creativecommons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

Welcome to Ceres! ๐ŸŒ‘ โ €โ €โ € This image, based on observations from NASAโ€™s Dawn spacecraft, shows the largest mountain on the dwarf planet Ceres. โ €โ €โ € One of the features spotted by the mission is shown here in this reconstructed perspective view: a mountain named Ahuna Mons. This mountain rises to an elevation of 4000 m at its peak โ€“ Europeโ€™s Mont Blanc on Earth would rise slightly above it (as measured from sea level) โ€“ and is marked by numerous bright streaks that run down its flanks. Scientists have determined that these marks are actually salt deposits left behind from the formation of Ahuna Mons, when plumes of saltwater and mud rose and erupted from within Ceres, puncturing the surface and creating the mountain seen here. While temperatures on Ceres are far colder than those on Earth, this mechanism is thought to be somewhat similar to the formation of volcanoes by terrestrial magma plumes. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @NASA / @nasajpl - @caltechedu / @UCLA / MPS / @germanaerospacecenter / IDA

EuropeanSpaceAgency

A Dragon was caught in spaceโ€ผ๏ธ๐Ÿ‰ โ €โ €โ € Just one week into his mission Beyond, our astronaut Luca Parmitano and his fellow crew members welcomed a Dragon cargo vehicle to the @iss. โ €โ €โ € The 18th resupply mission launched by @SpaceX on 25 July arrived to the orbital outpost two days later. NASA astronauts @astrohague and @astro_christina used the @canadianspaceagency Canadarm2 to capture and dock the Dragon to the Harmony node of the Space Station, while Luca served as backup support. Real team work! โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more about resupply missions. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @NASA - L.Parmitano โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

Let's talk about spaceโ€ผ๏ธ ๐Ÿ“ก โ €โ €โ € The European #SpaceTalks started on 21 June and will last until the 31 October 2019. Members of the space family will be sharing their passion in a series of talks presenting a vast array of space-related topics. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to join one or create your own Space Talk. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @dylan_odonnell_ โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

Using space to get to know sharks betterโ€ผ๏ธ ๐Ÿฆˆ Four tiger sharks have been tagged with a new device that will help conservationists to conduct detailed analysis of their migrations over years. The device, developed in collaboration with us, is smaller and more durable than existing tags, as well as being cheaper and more animal friendly. It records pressure โ€“ indicating the depth of the shark โ€“ temperature, light level and tilt to enable three-dimensional mapping. Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency - @naturefoundationsxm

EuropeanSpaceAgency

Hubble Time! ๐ŸŒŒโ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € In the case of NGC 3169, this barrier is the thick dust embedded within the galaxy's spiral arms. Cosmic dust comprises a potpourri of particles, including water ice, hydrocarbons, silicates, and other solid material. It has many origins and sources, from the leftovers of star and planet formation to molecules modified over millions of years by interactions with starlight. โ €โ €โ € NGC 3169 is located about 70 million light-years away in the constellation of Sextans (The Sextant). It is part of the Leo I Group of galaxies, which, like the Local Group that houses our home galaxy, the Milky Way, is part of a larger galactic congregation known as the Virgo Supercluster โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more about this imageโ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency/@hubbleesa & @NASA, L. Ho; @creativecommons CC BY 4.0 โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

So that's how they do it..! ๐Ÿค“ โ €โ €โ € In a new study, scientists analysed eight years of XMM-Newton observations of the black hole at the core of an active galaxy known as PG 1114+445, showing how ultrafast winds โ€“ outflows of gas emitted from the accretion disk very close to the black hole โ€“ interact with the interstellar matter in central parts of the galaxy. These outflows have been spotted before but the new study clearly identifies, for the first time, three phases of their interaction with the host galaxy. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ–ฅ @europeanspaceagency / ATG medialab โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

๐Ÿ“ข University students, this call is for youโ€ผ๏ธ โ €โ €โ € We invite university student teams from our Member States, Canada and Slovenia that are developing a one, two or three-unit CubeSat with mainly educational objectives to propose their satellite for the new edition of the โ€œFly Your Satellite!โ€ programme. โ €โ €โ € The aim of the programme is to support university student teams throughout the design, assembly, integration, testing, and verification process of their educational CubeSats. By participating in the programme, students will implement standard practices for spacecraft development; receive support from our experienced specialists; attend tailored training courses; and will be offered access to state-of-the-art test facilities. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to sign up! โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

ยกHola Tierra del Fuego! ๐Ÿ‘‹ โ €โ €โ € This is the first image captured by our astronaut Luca Parmitano from the Cupola of the @iss since he arrived last Saturday to the Station. In his own words: "Reality beats imagination, and once again my words canโ€™t contain the emotion of admiring my planet from orbit". We are with you, Luca... ๐Ÿ˜ โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @Nasa - Luca Parmitano โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

How do you survive a heatwave? ๐Ÿฅต Tell us ๐Ÿ‘‡ โ €โ €โ € #Repost @esa_earth ใƒปใƒปใƒป โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € The heatwave continues its relentless hold on Europe. This map uses Copernicus Sentinel-3 mission data to show the land surface temperature across Europe on 25 July. The white streaks represent areas covered by cloud when Sentinel-3 was passing and could therefore not measure land surface temperature. โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ contains modified @copernicus_eu Sentinel data (2019), processed by @europeanspaceagency, @creativecommons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

EuropeanSpaceAgency

No need of special gear to wonder at the stars ๐ŸŒŸ โ €โ €โ € When observed with the unaided eye, Omega Centauri, the object in this image, appears as a fuzzy, faint star. But the blue orb we see here is, in fact, a collection of stars โ€“ 10 million of them. You cannot count them all, but in this sharp, beautiful image you can see a few of the numerous pinpoints of bright light that make up this unique cluster. โ €โ €โ € Omega Centauri is a picture-perfect example of a globular cluster: tightly bound by gravity, it has a very high density of stars at its centre and a nearly perfect spherical shape (the name โ€˜globular clusterโ€™ comes from the latin word for small sphere, globulus). It lives in the halo of the Milky Way, at a distance of about 15 800 light years from Earth. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / CESAR / Wouter van Reeven, @creativecommons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

Thank you Gaia! ๐Ÿ™ โ €โ €โ € On 31 March 2017, Jupiterโ€™s moon Europa passed in front of a background star โ€“ a rare event that was captured for the first time by ground-based telescopes thanks to data provided by our Gaia spacecraft. โ €โ €โ € Occultations โ€“ when a celestial body passes in front of another one โ€“ are hugely valuable; they enable measurements of the characteristics of the foreground body (size, shape, position, and more), and can reveal structures like rings, jets, and atmospheres. Such measurements can be made from the ground. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @NASA / @nasajpl / @germanaerospacecenter โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

#TBT to last Saturday when our astronaut Luca Parmitano, @roscosmosofficial Cosmonaut Alexander Skvortsov and @NASA astronaut @astrodrewmorgan were launched to the @iss from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. โ €โ €โ € Visit our profile to see the highlights of the launch and the trip in our Stories and IGTV video. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency - S. Corvaja โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

New science incoming! โš—๏ธ๐Ÿ‰ โ €โ €โ € We have three exciting experiments that soon will be heading to the @iss on board a Dragon resupply mission. The @spacex cargo vehicle is slated for launch tonight 24 July, from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The experiments will investigate a range of phenomena that could lead to novel space and Earth applications. โ €โ €โ € From slimy rocks to bubbles in a box, the science soon to begin in the European Columbus module spans microbe growth, disease pathology, and heat transfer processes in the unique weightless environment of the Space Station. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @NASA โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

No need to get alarmed! ๐Ÿ˜ƒ โ €โ €โ € Asteroid 2006 QV89, a small object 20 to 50 metres in diameter, was in the news lately because of a very small, 1-in-7000 chance of impact with Earth on 9 September 2019. โ €โ €โ € While we do not know 2006 QV89โ€™s trajectory exactly, we do know where it would appear in the sky if it were on a collision course with our planet. Therefore, we can simply observe this small area of the sky to check that the asteroid is indeed, hopefully, not there. โ €โ €โ € This way, we have the chance to indirectly exclude any risk of an impact, even without actually seeing the asteroid. โ €โ €โ € This is precisely what we did together with @esoastronomy on 4 and 5 July, using ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT). โ €โ €โ € Teams obtained very โ€˜deepโ€™ images of a small area in the sky, where the asteroid would have been located if it were on track to impact Earth in September. โ €โ €โ € Nothing was seen. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ ESO / S. Guisard โ €โ €โ €

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Hubble Time! ๐ŸŒŒโ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € The intricate, near-perfect symmetry on display here reveals the incredible complexity of NGC 2985. Multiple tightly-wound spiral arms widen as they whorl outward from the galaxyโ€™s bright core, slowly fading and dissipating until these majestic structures disappear into the emptiness of intergalactic space, bringing a beautiful end to their starry splendour. โ €โ €โ € Over aeons, spiral galaxies tend to run into other galaxies, often resulting in mergers. These coalescing events scramble the winding structures of the original galaxies, smoothing and rounding their shape. These objects possess a beauty all their own, distinct from the spiral galaxies from whence they came. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more about this imageโ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency/@hubbleesa & @NASA, L. Ho; @creativecommons CC BY 4.0 โ €โ €โ €

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Go @shaunthesheepโ€ผ๏ธ ๐Ÿ‘ โ €โ €โ € Our friend Shaun the Sheep has completed his microgravity training ahead of the launch of his second animated feature film Farmageddon โ€“ and just in time for the 50th anniversary of Neil Armstrong and @drbuzzaldrin landing on the Moon! โ €โ €โ € Shaun flew recently under the supervision of our team on the special @Airbus โ€˜Zero Gโ€™ A310 aircraft during one of its parabolic flights that recreates the โ€˜weightlessโ€™ conditions similar to those experienced in space. โ €โ €โ € The flight prepared Shaun for his role as a space traveller in his new film coming out in the Autumn. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @aardmananimations โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

It's time for the #ESAquiz! ๐Ÿš€๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Do you know the meaning of the name of the spacecraft that is taking our astronaut Luca Parmitano, @roscosmosofficial Cosmonaut Alexander Skvortsov and @NASA astronaut @astrodrewmorgan to the @iss?โ €โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Write your answers in the comment section ๐Ÿ‘‡ and stay tuned to our @instagram Story for the answer and a shout out!โ € โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency - S. Corvaja โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

Today is the day! ๐Ÿš€๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€ โ €โ €โ € Our astronaut Luca Parmitano, @roscosmosofficial Cosmonaut Alexander Skvortsov and @NASA astronaut @astrodrewmorgan will be launched to the @iss from here, the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. โ €โ €โ € Follow the link in our bio to tune in live at 17:30 CEST (15:30 GMT). โ €โ €โ € And leave your messages for the three space explorers in the comment section ๐Ÿ‘‡ โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ contains modified @copernicus_eu Sentinel data (2019), processed by @europeanspaceagency, @creativecommons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO ๐Ÿ“ธ SPOT 6 Satellite image ยฉ 2017

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It's time ๐ŸŒ• โ €โ €โ € Earthโ€™s space agencies are looking to return to the Moon in a more sustainable manner at a different landing area than the Apollo missions 50 years ago: the South Pole Aitken basin.โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € The five Apollo missions landed in areas that correspond roughly with the darker spots visible on the Moon. The samples of lunar rock the astronauts bought back to Earth are still being investigated and analysed by researchers all over the world and new discoveries are made as lab techniques improve to advance our understanding of our natural satellite immensely, but like all good science, many new questions arise.โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € Visit the highlights in our profile to learn more.โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @NASA - @astro_paolo

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#TBT to this Apollo 11 moment with @drbuzzaldrin and the Eagle ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€๐ŸŒ•๐Ÿฆ… โ €โ €โ € In this image provided by the @Hasselblad Foundation, Buzz Aldrin is setting up a seismograph. The caption accompanying the Hasselblad companyโ€™s release of this image states that neither astronaut fell over in the preparation. However, Neil Armstrong got tangled in a cord but with Aldrinโ€™s help was able to get loose. โ €โ €โ € More photos will be on display at the Hasselblad exhibition opening at Brunkebergstorg Square in Stockholm, Sweden, this weekend to mark the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing. The exhibition is part of this yearโ€™s space-themed Stockholm @kulturfestivalsthlm. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @NASA โ €โ €โ €

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"Liftoff! We have a liftoff!" ๐ŸŒŽ๐Ÿš€๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿš€ ๐ŸŒ• โ €โ €โ € On 16 July 1969, the Saturn V rocket carrying Apollo 11 began its momentous voyage to the Moon. It lifted off from launch pad 39 @nasakennedy โ€“ which can be seen in this Copernicus Sentinel-2 image from 29 January 2019. Launch pad 39A is the second pad down from the top (the launch pad at the far top is 39B). โ €โ €โ € The crew โ€“ Neil Armstrong, mission commander, @astromichaelcollins, command module pilot and @drbuzzaldrin, lunar module pilot โ€“ were embarking on a milestone in human history. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to recap this historic moment. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ contains modified @copernicus_eu Sentinel data (2019), processed by @europeanspaceagency, @creativecommons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO โ €โ €โ €

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We'll be getting more of these soon โ˜€๏ธ๐ŸŒ๐ŸŒ” โ €โ €โ € SMART-1, our first mission to the Moon, captured this series of unique images of our home planet Earth and the Moon during a total lunar eclipse. โ €โ €โ € This eclipse took place on 28 October 2004, when SMART-1 was about 290 000 km away from Earth and about 660 000 km from the Moon. From its vantage point, the AMIE camera (Advanced Moon micro-Imager Experiment) could, for the first time, see and photograph both the Earth and Moon during a lunar eclipse. โ €โ €โ € The images were taken in visible light. Those of the Moon are shown in time sequence, from left to right, covering a period of about three and a half hours. The โ€˜totalityโ€™ phase, in the middle of the sequence when the Moon is completely inside the Earthโ€™s shadow, lasted about an hour. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @spacex , @creativecommons CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO โ €โ €โ €

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Look at those cosmic fireworks! ๐Ÿคฉโ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € Imagine slow-motion fireworks that started exploding nearly two centuries ago and haven't stopped since then. This is how you might describe this double star system located 7500 light-years away in the constellation Carina (The Ship's Keel). In 1838 Eta Carinae underwent a cataclysmic outburst called the Great Eruption, quickly escalating to become in 1844 the second brightest star in the sky by April of that year. The star has since faded, but this new view from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope shows that the spectacular display is still ongoing, and reveals details that have never been seen before. โ €โ €โ € Violent mass ejections are not uncommon in Eta Carinae's history; the system has been blighted by chaotic eruptions, often blasting parts of itself into space But the Great Eruption was particularly dramatic. The larger of the two stars is a massive, unstable star nearing the end of its life, and what astronomers witnessed over a century and a half ago was, in fact, a stellar near-death experience. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more about this image.โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @NASA, @europeanspaceagency, N. Smith ( @uarizona, Tucson), and J. Morse (BoldlyGo Institute, New York); @creativecommons CC BY 4.0 โ €โ €โ €

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We love all the colours of the spectrum! โค๏ธ๐Ÿ’›๐Ÿ’š๐Ÿ’™๐Ÿ’œ๐Ÿ–ค โ €โ €โ € And today we celebrate the second International Day of LGBTQ+ in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Maths because we are ALL united by the love of STEM. โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to join our celebration of diversity and inclusivity downloading an exclusive wallpaper for your phone. โ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / CESAR โ €โ €โ €

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Behold Sun's corona! โ˜€๏ธ๐ŸŒ‘๐ŸŒŽ โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € This image โ€“ combined of many exposures โ€“ captures 'totality' during the 2 July 2019 total solar eclipse, the moment that the Moon passes directly in front of the Sun from Earth's perspective, blocking out its light and allowing the Sun's extended atmosphere โ€“ the corona โ€“ to be seen. The processing of this image highlights the intricate detail of the corona, its structures shaped by the Sun's magnetic field. Some details of the lunar surface can also be seen. The image was created by the ESA-CESAR team observing the eclipse from @esoastronomy's La Silla Observatory in Chile, South America โ€“ which by the way, turned 50 today: Happy anniversary! ๐Ÿฅณ โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € If you were in South America and captured the eclipse, tag your images and videos with #yourESA to share them with our photo community: @yourESA โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspacegency / CESAR โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €

EuropeanSpaceAgency

Sun will meet Moon โ˜€๏ธ๐ŸŒ‘ โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € On 2 July 2019, a total solar eclipse will be visible from the South Pacific, falling over land for some parts of Chile and Argentina, with other South American countries enjoying a partial eclipse. โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Total solar eclipses occur thanks to the fact that the Moonโ€™s average distance from Earth is just right for it to appear as the same size in the sky as the significantly larger and more distant Sun. When the Moon slides directly between Earth and the Sun it appears to cover our star completely, temporarily blocking out its light and creating a total solar eclipse for those along the narrow path cast by the Moonโ€™s shadow. โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn how our Proba-2 space observatory is ready for the eclipse. โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธSOHO ( @europeanspaceagency & @NASA)

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Hubble Time! ๐ŸŒŒโ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € This picture shows the spiral galaxy Messier 98, which is located about 45 million light-years away in the constellation of Coma Berenices (Berenice's Hair). It was discovered in 1781 by the French astronomer Pierre Mรฉchain, a colleague of Charles Messier, and is one of the faintest objects in Messierโ€™s astronomical catalogue. โ €โ €โ € Messier 98 is estimated to contain about a trillion of stars, and is full of cosmic dust โ€” visible here as a web of red-brown stretching across the frame โ€” and hydrogen gas. This abundance of star-forming material means that Messier 98 is producing stellar newborns at a high rate; the galaxy shows the characteristic signs of stars springing to life throughout its bright centre and whirling arms. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more about this imageโ €โ €โ € โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency/@hubbleesa & @NASA, V. Rubin et al.; @creativecommons CC BY 4.0 โ €โ €โ €

europeanspaceagency

Do you know the difference between an asteroid and a meteorite? โ˜„๏ธ โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € A meteorite is a piece of debris that breaks off an asteroid and survives its descent through Earthโ€™s atmosphere. โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € A meteorite is believed to be the cause of the Aorounga crater several hundred million years ago. Sediment buried the original crater but later eroded, forming these concentric rings. โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € We are interested in asteroids for all these reasons. Over the past two decades, we have tracked and analysed asteroids that travel close to Earth, known as near-Earth objects or NEOs, of which there are an estimated 10 million larger than 10 m โ€“ the threshold above which damage on the ground could happen. โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @europeanspaceagency / @NASA - @astro_timpeake โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €โ €

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Let's chillโ€ผ๏ธ โ„๏ธ โ €โ €โ € During the #IGLUNA project, students from 9 European countries have developed concepts of space habitats. You can visit their designs inside the Klein Matterhorn glacier cave and in an exhibition in @zermatt.matterhorn, Switzerland, until 3 July. โ €โ €โ € Go to our @instagram Story to learn more. โ €โ €โ € ๐Ÿ“ธ @swissspacecenter