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What do you see in the clouds? ☁️☁️☁️ ⁣ ⁣ These spiraling cloud patterns off the coast of Morocco were captured by our @NASAEarth instrument on the Suomi NPP satellite on July 19, 2019. They're known as von Kármán vortices, which can form nearly anywhere that fluid flow is disturbed by a solid object. Here, the patterns formed when winds flowed around small islands in the North Atlantic.⁣ ⁣ Credit: NASA Earth Observatory image by Joshua Stevens, using VIIRS day-night band data from the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership. ⁣ ⁣ #clouds #nighttime #vortices #cloudpatterns #earth

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A Spacecraft Duo! The @NorthropGrumman Cygnus and @SpaceX Dragon spacecrafts are seen in this August 6 view from the International Space Station ( @ISS). The Cygnus resupply spacecraft is shown grappled by the #Canadarm2 robotic arm following its detachment from its docking port on the orbiting outpost and just before release. Behind the robotic arm, the Dragon is seen still attached to the station. Both spacecraft are currently re-supplying the orbiting laboratory with science and supplies to support the crew. Image credit: NASA #Cygnus #Dragon #SpaceX #Earth #Views #ISS

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This rounded object isn't something seen through a microscope. Instead, it's a vast orb of gas in space, cast off by an aging star and seen by the @NASAHubble telescope. The star is visible in the orb's center, shining through the gases it formerly held onto for most of its stellar life. When stars like the Sun grow advanced in age, they expand and glow red. These so-called red giants then begin to lose their outer layers of material into space. More than half of such a star's mass can be shed in this manner, forming a shell of surrounding gas. At the same time, the star's core shrinks and grows hotter, emitting ultraviolet light that causes the expelled gases to glow. Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, R. Wade #Hubble #Stars #Glow #Universe #Cosmos

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Flying through a fire cloud ☁️🔥☁️⁣⁣⁣ ⁣⁣⁣ This photo from roughly 30,000 ft (9 km) shows how smoke particles reflect light in ways that make the Sun appear blazing orange. Our DC-8 flying laboratory passed directly through a large fire cloud — called a pyrocumulonimbus — on August 8 as it was rising from a fire in eastern Washington, giving scientists a look at the phenomena. These clouds form when the intense heat of wildfires lift the smoke above the boundary layer, the lowest part of Earth's atmosphere.⁣⁣⁣ ⁣⁣⁣ The flight was part of a joint NOAA and NASA field campaign called FIREX-AQ. Scientists are studying the composition and chemistry of smoke to better understand its impact on air quality and climate.⁣⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ NASA Earth Observatory image credit: NASA/Joshua Stevens⁣⁣ Photography credits: U.S. Naval Research Laboratory/David Peterson⁣⁣ ⁣⁣⁣ #nasa #wildfires #science #clouds #fires #ourplanet

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A full Moon is seen as the International Space Station flew 270 miles above the South Pacific Ocean off the coast of South America. The Space Station is an international partnership of the space agencies of the United States, Russia, Europe, Japan and Canada. In addition to photographs of the beautiful planet we call home, the Space Station functions as cooperative international laboratory, the work of which benefits all humanity. Image Credit: NASA #Moon #Lunar #Views #NightSky #NASA

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As the @NASAHubble telescope turned its eye on Jupiter’s Great Red Spot, an Earth-sized storm rolling counterclockwise between two bands of clouds, it noticed something unusual. Can you tell what it is? 🤔⁣ ⁣ The color palette in the clouds is more intense than usual. The colorful bands, which flow in opposite directions at various latitudes, result from different atmospheric pressures. Lighter bands rise higher and have thicker clouds than the darker bands. The intensity of the colors reveals important clues about the planet’s turbulent atmosphere. ⁣ ⁣ Click the link in the bio for more info ⬆️⁣ ⁣ Credits: NASA, ESA, A. Simon (Goddard Space Flight Center) and M.H. Wong (University of California, Berkeley)⁣ ⁣ #NASA #Jupiter #GreatRedSpot⁣

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According to astronaut Christina Koch, this is one of the most bold and recognizable geographical places on Earth. It's the Baja California Peninsula in Northwestern Mexico, seen here in a stunning view she shared from her orbiting spot 250 miles above the Earth. Astronauts have used hand-held cameras to photograph the Earth for decades. Beginning with the Mercury missions in the early 1960s, astronauts have taken millions of photographs of our home planet. Today, they continue this tradition of Earth observation from the International Space Station ( @ISS). Image credit: NASA #Earth #Home #Baja #California #BlueMarble #Views

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When 2️⃣ become 1️⃣! This galactic duo of strange, luminescent creatures at play in this image are actually galaxies — realms of millions upon millions of stars. The galaxies are seen by our @NASAHubble telescope as their mutual gravitational attraction is pulling them closer and closer together and distorting their shapes in the process. Over time, the two galaxies will likely merge into one. Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, A. Evans #Hubble #Galaxy #Merge #TwoBecomeOne

NASA

No, this red beam in space isn't a light saber! It's a galaxy, far, far away — 44 million light-years away, to be exact. We often imagine galaxies as having massive spiral arms or thick disks of dust, but not all galaxies are oriented face-on as viewed from Earth. From our viewpoint, our Spitzer Space Telescope can detect this galaxy's infrared light but can only view the entire galaxy on its side where we can't see its spiral features. We know it has a diameter of roughly 60,000 light-years — a little more than half the diameter of our own Milky Way galaxy. Click the link in the bio for more info ⬆️ Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech #galaxy #spitzer #infrared #lightsaber #farfaraway

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Let the sunshine in.⁣ ☀️⁣ ⁣⁣ Our Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, was launched on February 11, 2010 to help us understand the causes of solar variability and its impacts on Earth. By measuring how the Sun's magnetic field is generated and structured, we can study how it affects our lives and technology. ⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Each day, SDO images the sun in a variety of wavelengths. Click the link in the bio for more info ⬆️⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Image Credit: NASA⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ #NASA #Sunshine #Space

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We haven’t seen a photo of our home planet that we didn’t like! 😍 While living and working 250 miles above Earth, crew members aboard the International Space Station ( @ISS) captured these mesmerizing images of the place we call home. Swipe to take a look! 👀 Credit: NASA #HomeSweetHome #Views #Space

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Seven years. 13 miles. 22 samples. ⁣ ⁣ Our Curiosity rover has come a long way since touching down on Mars seven years ago. It has traveled a total of 13 miles (21 kilometers) and ascended 1,207 feet (368 meters) to its current location. Along the way, Curiosity discovered Mars had the conditions to support microbial life in the ancient past. And the rover is far from done, having just drilled its 22nd sample from the Martian surface. ⁣ ⁣ Curiosity captured this 360-degree panorama of a location on Mars called “Teal Ridge” on June 18, 2019. Click the link in the bio for more info ⬆️⁣ ⁣ Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS⁣ ⁣ #NASA #Mars #Curiosity⁣

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Did you know that two Earths could fit snugly inside Jupiter's iconic Great Red Spot? The powerful storm is one of many colorful features we see in this image that was captured by our @NASAJuno spacecraft and then processed by citizen scientist Kevin M. Gill. At the time the image was taken, Juno was 26,697 miles (42,965 kilometers) above the cloud tops. Image data: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS Image processing: Kevin M. Gill #nasa #nasajuno #jupiter #juno #space #astronomy #citizenscience

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On the edge of a galaxy.⁣ ⁣ Believe it or not, this long luminous streak is a spiral galaxy like our Milky Way. Because observatories like @NASAHubble have seen spiral galaxies at every kind of orientation, astronomers can tell when we’ve caught one from the side. We see this galaxy, named NGC 3432, oriented directly edge-on to us from our vantage point on Earth. ⁣ ⁣ Click the link above for more info ⬆️⁣ ⁣ Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, A. Filippenko, R. Jansen⁣ ⁣ #NASA #Galaxy #Space

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A nearby galaxy contains a star-forming region where some 200 hot, young, massive stars reside. The cool dust and warmer gas in this stellar nursery appear as the wispy structures in an optical image from the @NASAHubble Space Telescope. In between these filaments are giant voids that are filled with hot, X-ray-emitting gas, seen by the @NASAChandraXRay Observatory. Chandra’s X-ray data (blue) are combined in this image with optical data from Hubble (purple). Astronomers think these bubbles are being blown off the surfaces of the young and massive stars throughout this star-forming region. Image credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/CfA/R. Tuellmann et al.; Optical: NASA/AURA/STScI/J. Schmidt #XRay #Hubble #NASA #Galaxy #Stars

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The intricate, nearly flawless symmetry on display here reveals the incredible complexity of spiral galaxy NGC 2985. This @NASAHubble image shows how tightly wound spiral arms widen as they whirl outward from the galaxy’s bright core, slowly fading and dissipating until these majestic structures disappear into the emptiness of intergalactic space, bringing a beautiful end to their starry splendor. Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, L. Ho #flawless #galaxy #space #science #astronomy #nasa

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Drone traffic overhead! 🚦 ⁣⁣⁣ ⁣⁣⁣ Our @nasaaero researchers flight tested these tiny aerial vehicles over Reno, Nevada in late June and will fly more over Corpus Christi, Texas in August. Why? With growing interest by commercial companies in using drones, we'll need a system to make sure they're flown safely and to manage future drone traffic, just like we manage air traffic. ⁣ ⁣ Image Credit:⁣ NASA/Andrew Carlsen ⁣ #aeronautics #nasa #drone #drones #sky #reno

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🎶Gravity is working against me🎶⁣ ⁣ The map shown here depicts the gravity in south pole region of the Moon. There exists a good correlation between the gravity map and topographic features such as peaks and craters.⁣ ⁣ Our scientists are studying the frost locked in the soil of the Moon’s south pole region in order to prepare for future #Artemis missions to send the first woman and the next man to the Moon. Check out the link in the bio for more ⬆️⁣ ⁣ Credits: NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio⁣ ⁣ #NASA #Moon #Gravity ⁣

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The thick dust in this galaxy's spiral arms is a cosmic potpourri of particles that includes the leftovers of star and planet formation. It's a cosmic blend that's a feast for the eyes. Water ice and hydrocarbon molecules also make up the medley of dust in its spiral arms. For more about this @nasahubble image, click the link in bio. #galaxy #astronomy #space #hubble #nasa #potpourri

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That star stuff you see here? That's what you're made of. You possess the elements ✨ ⁣ ⁣ This composite image from our Chandra X-ray Observatory, the Spitzer Space Telescope and the Isaac Newton Telescope shows high-energy X-rays emitted by young, massive stars in the star cluster Cygnus OB2. This week we're celebrating the 20th anniversary of Chandra's launch. Want to dive deeper? Link in bio.⁣ ⁣ Credits: NASA/CXC/SAO/J. Drake et al; Univ. of Hertfordshire/INT/IPHAS; NASA/JPL-Caltech/Spitzer⁣ ⁣ #stars #space #universe #nasa #chandraxray #spacephotos #astronomy #believeinyourself

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A historic mission to the Moon came to a successful end 50 years ago today, July 24, 1969 when Apollo 11 splashed down in the Pacific Ocean, about 900 miles from Hawaii.⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins were recovered by the crew of the USS Hornet recovery ship, where President Nixon was waiting to greet them. Despite going into quarantine for the next three weeks to avoid the possibility of spreading any lunar microbes, the Apollo 11 crew would be embraced by the world for their heroic feat.⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ #Apollo50th #Apollo #Apollo11 #nasa #space #navy⁣⁣ ⁣⁣

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Today, at 10:56 p.m. EDT 50 years ago, Apollo 11 took that one giant leap – making history for all of mankind. 🌔👨‍🚀 On the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing, we salute the heroes, visionaries and explorers who made the seemingly impossible, possible. ⁣ ⁣ As we build off our Apollo program, looking forward to our future Artemis mission, we cannot wait to see what 2024 has in store! ⁣ ⁣ Image Credit: NASA⁣ ⁣ #Apollo50th #NASA #Apollo11 #Moon #History #America #Space #OneGiantLeap⁣

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"What a spectacular view!" — Neil Armstrong⁣⁣ "God, look at that Moon!" — Michael Collins⁣⁣ ⁣ On July 19, 1969, the Apollo 11 spacecraft entered lunar orbit. It was the fourth day of the mission and just one day before Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the surface in the lunar module, Eagle, and took the first steps on the Moon. This close-up photograph of the lunar surface taken by the Apollo 11 astronauts shows the large crater Theophilus located at the northwest edge of Mare Nectaris on the lunar nearside. Theophilus is about 60 statute miles in diameter. ⁣⁣ Image Credit: NASA⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ #apollo11 #apollo50th #neilarmstrong #nasa #apollo #moonlanding #moon

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The Apollo 50th anniversary celebrations are no longer just a tale of the past, we are preparing to send humans to the Moon again in the next 5 years with our Artemis program. This time, we won’t go alone, and the Moon is no longer the final destination. We will make the journey with government, industry, and international partners in a global effort to build and test the systems needed for sending astronauts on challenging missions to Mars and beyond. Credit: NASA #NASA #spaceflight #space #Apollo50th #ThrowbackThursday #TBT

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The Apollo 11 crewmembers were welcomed home as the only Earthlings who had touched another land as they splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on July 24, 1969. After greeting their families and President Richard Nixon from their quarantine unit, they were paraded through the streets of Houston, and their souvenirs of more than 47 pounds of moon rocks were prepared for further research. Credit: NASA #NASA #spaceflight #space #Apollo50th #ThrowbackThursday #TBT

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After a three-day journey, audiences around the world tuned in as Neil Armstrong’s “one small step for a man and one giant leap for mankind” was made 50 years ago on July 20, 1969. Credit: NASA #NASA #spaceflight #space #Apollo50th #ThrowbackThursday #TBT

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Not even seven years after President John F. Kennedy’s directive to go to the Moon, the Saturn V rocket was rolled out for the momentous journey and spectators gathered on nearby beaches to watch the Apollo 11 launch from Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 16, 1969. Credit: NASA #NASA #spaceflight #space #Apollo50th #ThrowbackThursday #TBT

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Before the historic landing on July 20, 1969, meticulous planning, several preliminary missions, and rigorous training prepared the Apollo 11 crew to set foot on the Moon. Credit: NASA #NASA #spaceflight #space #Apollo50th #ThrowbackThursday #TBT

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This #ThrowbackThursday, we celebrate how our Apollo program captured the world’s attention and demonstrated the power of America’s vision and technology. This week, we are marking the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing which accomplished the national objective of landing humans on the Moon and returning them safely to Earth. Credit: NASA #NASA #spaceflight #space #Apollo50th #TBT

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Your strongest memory of Apollo 11? "Looking back at Earth from a great distance." — Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins. Collins, the command module pilot, remained aboard the spacecraft in orbit around the Moon, while Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin descended in the lunar module "Eagle" to the surface on July 20, 1969. This historic Apollo 11 image was taken by the astronauts from lunar orbit. It's featured in the @ngadc "A Century of Lunar Photographs" exhibit, part of celebrations nationwide this week in honor of the 50th anniversary of the Moon landing. Credit: NASA Chromogenic print National Gallery of Art, Washington, Gift of Mary and Dan Solomon #Apollo50th #myngadc #apollo11 #moon #earthrise

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Imagine seeing the Earth, Moon and stars all in one view. 🌍 🌕 ⭐⁣ ⁣ Such a vision was captured by the crew of the @ISS. They could see the Earth's atmospheric glow, highlighted by the Moon and a starry orbital nighttime background while orbiting 256 miles above the Pacific Ocean, southeast of the Hawaiian island chain. ⁣ ⁣ Click the link in the bio for more info ⬆️⁣ ⁣ Image Credit: NASA⁣ ⁣ #Space #NASA #StarryNight

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Earth is special. 🌎 It's the only place in the universe that we know contains life. ⁣ ⁣ Celebrate its beauty by scrolling through these breathtaking images of our home planet, as captured by crew members aboard the International Space Station ( @ISS). ⁣ ⁣ Credit: NASA⁣ ⁣ #HomeSweetHome #Views #Space

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Bright, colorful pockets of star formation are blooming in this spiral galaxy just under 70 million light-years away, seen by the @NASAHubble Space Telescope. The orange-pink glow is created as hydrogen gas reacts to the intense light streaming outwards from nearby newborn stars. These bright patches can be seen here amid dark, tangled streams of cosmic dust. Astronomers look for these telltale signs of star formation when they study galaxies throughout the cosmos, as star formation rates, locations, and histories offer critical clues about how these colossal collections of gas and dust have evolved over time. New generations of stars contribute to — and are also, in turn, influenced by — the broader forces and factors that mold galaxies throughout the universe, such as gravity, radiation, matter, and dark matter. Image credit: ESA/Hubble, NASA, L. Ho #Hubble #Stars #Galaxy #NASA #Orange #Pink

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Imagine slow-motion fireworks that started exploding 170 years ago and are still continuing. 🎆 🎆 🎆 ⁣ ⁣ This type of firework is not launched into Earth's atmosphere, but rather into space by a doomed super-massive star, called Eta Carinae. In this view from our @NASAHubble Space Telescope, which includes ultraviolet light, we see the star's hot, expanding gases glowing in red, white and blue – fitting for the #FourthofJuly! ⁣ ⁣ Credits: NASA, ESA, N. Smith (University of Arizona) and J. Morse (BoldlyGo Institute)⁣ ⁣ #NASA #4thofJuly #fireworks #space #RedWhiteBlue

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Imagine having a view like this every day. 🤩 The Sun's glint beams off the Celebes Sea in southeast Asia as the International Space Station ( @iss) flies 255 miles above Indonesia. @NASA⁣Astronauts aboard the space station take advantage of opportunities to make Earth science observations that help us better understand our dynamic planet. ⁣ Credit: NASA #NASA #iss #spacestation #earth #spacepictures #clouds #views

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It’s lit! 🔥🔥🔥 ⁣ ⁣ Today, we successfully verified the launch abort system of the #Orion spacecraft can outrun a speeding rocket and pull astronauts to safety in the unlikely event of an emergency after liftoff. ⁣ ⁣ This approximately three-minute test is another milestone for our #Artemis missions to send humans to the Moon and onto Mars.⁣ ⁣ Credit: NASA⁣ ⁣ #NASA #spaceflight #launch #AA2

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Before we send #Artemis astronauts to the Moon, we have to make sure all systems are go.⁣ ⁣ Starting at 7am ET on Tuesday, July 2, the launch window will open for Ascent Abort-2, the second and final test of the Orion spacecraft's launch abort system that is designed to pull the capsule away from its Space Launch System rocket in case of an emergency during its ascent. A full-scale test version of the Orion crew module will launch atop a booster at over 1,000 mph to an altitude of six miles. The mission is a critical step in our progress as we prepare to send the first woman and the next man to the Moon by 2024. ⁣ ⁣ Follow @ExploreNASA for everything related to human missions to deep space and check out the link in our bio for info on how to watch tomorrow's test live. ⁣ ⁣ #NASA #AA2 #launch #Orion #NASASLS #Artemis #space

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Nobody: ⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ The Moon: “Y'all on the way yet?” 👀⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ We're working on it, Moon. Under the #Artemis program, we're sending the first woman and the next man to walk on your surface by 2024. How are we doing it? Check out the link in our bio. #Artemis #NASA #moon #spacestation #iss #stoked

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What do you see here? 🤔 Solar wind radiating from behind an eclipse? An optometrist’s scan of a human eye? This image is actually a satellite view of clouds forming high in the atmosphere, centered above the North Pole. ⁣ ⁣ To create this image, our spacecraft measured albedo, or the amount of light reflected back to space by the high-altitude clouds. The map is a composite view stitched together from several satellite passes. ⁣ ⁣ Image Credit: Joshua Stevens, using Cloud Imaging and Particle Size (CIPS) data from the NASA AIM mission and the University of Colorado Boulder. ⁣ ⁣ #NASA #Earth #HeadInTheClouds

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One trillion stars + cosmic dust + hydrogen gas = 😍⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Messier 98 is a spiral galaxy with an abundance of star-forming material — meaning it is producing stellar newborns at a high rate. The galaxy shows the characteristic signs of stars springing to life throughout its bright center and whirling arms.⁣ ⁣ ⁣ For more information, click the link in our bio. ⁣⁣ ⁣ Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, V. Rubin et al.⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ #NASA #Space #Galaxy⁣

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Introducing: Whirlpool ‘Warhol’ 🌌🎆🎇⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Painted by the hand of science, this cosmic work of art shows how different wavelengths of light can reveal different features of a cosmic object. Pictured above, the Whirlpool galaxy is actually a pair of galaxies tugging and distorting each other through their own mutual gravitational attraction. ⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Swipe left to uncover their relationship in visible light, visible and infrared light and different wavelengths of infrared light. Curious what the colors reveal about these cosmic companions? Gravitate to the link in our bio for more.⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Image Credit: NASA⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ #NASA #CoupleGoals #Galaxy #Space #Spiral #Warhol #SpitzerSpaceTelescope

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Waking up blows. 🌋⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ On June 22, 2019, in a series of unexpected blasts, the Raikoke Volcano in the Kurl Islands ended its 90 year dormancy streak – erupting a vast plume of ash and volcanic gases from its 700-meter-wide crater. Astronauts aboard the International Space Station ( @iss) captured this spectacular moment. ⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Several of our NASA Earth satellites also observed the event, gathering data that helps us understand how eruptions interact with our climate and affect aviation. Dive into the details by visiting the link in our bio.⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ Image Credit: NASA⁣⁣ ⁣⁣ #NASA #Volcano #Eruption #SatelliteImages #Raikoke #WakeUp

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#BeEpic⁣ ⁣ @SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy rocket left Earth this morning at 2:30 a.m. EDT, carrying out one of their most challenging launches ever. 🚀 Who were the space traveling hitch hikers on board?⁣ ⁣ Four of our technology missions aimed at studying non-toxic spacecraft fuel, deep space navigation, “bubbles” in the Earth's atmosphere and space radiation. The missions, each with a unique set of objectives, will aid in smarter spacecraft design and benefit our Moon to Mars exploration plans – bringing us one step closer to deep space exploration. Want more on this historic launch? Visit our link in bio. ⁣ ⁣ Image Credit: NASA⁣ ⁣ #Epic #NASA #SpaceX #RocketLaunch #FalconHeavy #Space #Science

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Irregular is beautiful, too 💛 This image shows an irregular galaxy named IC 10. As an irregular galaxy, IC 10 lacks the majestic shape of spiral galaxies such as the Milky Way, or the rounded, ethereal appearance of elliptical galaxies. But it’s just as beautiful as any other galaxy. Image credit: NASA, ESA and F. Bauer #NASA #Space #Galaxy

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Pose for the camera, now flick, flick, flick 🤳 For #NationalSelfieDay, here's a collection of iconic selfies taken by @nasaastronauts on orbit, NASA scientists and researchers on Earth, and a "curious" rover on Mars. You can capture your own photo in front of gorgeous cosmic landscapes by downloading the NASA Selfies app. Here's how: https://go.nasa.gov/2Y6Ivks Credit: NASA (image #4: Canadian Space Agency) #NASA #Selfies #space

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A “holy grail for many hydrologists.”⁣ ⁣ Snowflakes that cover mountains or linger under tree canopies are a vital freshwater resource for over a billion people around the world. When snow melts, the ensuing puddle of water is its snow’s water content, or snow water equivalent (SWE). ⁣ ⁣ Snow caps the line of the Himalayas in this 70mm frame photographed by a space shuttle astronaut using a handheld 70mm camera. Click the link in the bio for more info. ⬆️⁣ ⁣ Credit: NASA⁣ ⁣ #NASA #Earth #Snow⁣

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What ingredients do you put in your galaxy clusters? 🤔⁣ ⁣ Galaxy clusters, like the one in this image, have three main ingredients: individual galaxies, multimillion-degree gas that fills the space between the galaxies, and dark matter. ⁣ ⁣ A team of astronomers used a set of @nasachandraxray observations of this Coma galaxy cluster to probe gas properties and learn about the viscosity of the hot gas in Coma.⁣ ⁣ Click the link in the bio for more info ⬆️ Image credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/Univ. of Chicago, I. Zhuravleva et al, Optical: SDSS⁣ ⁣ #NASA #Space #galaxy

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Feeling a little salty about the weekend being too short? 😤 ⁣ ⁣ If so, you're not alone when it comes to #SaltyVibes. The yellow color visible on the surface of Jupiter's moon Europa is actually sodium chloride — table salt. ⁣ Flybys from our Voyager and Galileo spacecraft have led scientists to conclude that:⁣ 1️⃣ Europa is covered by a layer of salty liquid water encased in an icy shell⁣ 2️⃣ Europa’s ocean may resemble Earth's oceans more than previously thought.⁣ ⁣ Credit: NASA/@NASAJPL/@UArizona ⁣ ⁣ #WeekendMood #OutOfThisWorld #Jupiter #NASA

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Only the good die young. ⁣ ⁣ When massive stars die at the end of their short lives, they light up the cosmos with bright, explosive bursts of light and material known as supernovae. ⁣ ⁣ This spiral galaxy — captured by @NASAHubble Space Telescope — has hosted multiple supernovae in past years. ⁣ ⁣ Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, D. Crenshaw and O. Fox⁣ ⁣ #NASA #Space #Galaxy #Hubble

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Happy #FlagDay! ⁣ ⁣ One of the most iconic images from the #Apollo11 mission is of Buzz Aldrin saluting the American flag on the surface of the Moon. But did you know that over the next three years, five more flags joined the one left by Apollo 11 — and that many other flags have flown onboard our spacecraft? ⁣ ⁣ Scroll through and read the comments to learn about stars and stripes in space!⁣ ⁣ Image Credit 1-8: NASA⁣⁣ ⁣ #NASA #Space #Moon⁣